• Feeding on plants growing point may kill the central stem, causing (dead heart). Life Cycle Remove and burn weeds which act as hosts of shoot fly, such as grasses: Johnson grass, (Sorghum halepense), Brachiaria, Cynodon, Echinochloa, Eragrostis, Panicum, Pennisetum, Setaria Encourage natural enemies population (egg parasitoids and predators) by decreasing the amount of … Sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata) is one of the most destructive insect pests of sorghum. Taley YM, 1978. In the view of the merge genetic information Hosts. The SS. A note on the parasites complex of sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata Rondani. Insects such as Stem borer, Shoot fly, and Sorghum midge are most famous in Jowar farming. This paper reviews the current state of information on diversity, ecobiology, parasitism levels, and mass rearing of the parasitoids, predators and pathogens attacking different stages of A. soccata . sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata Rondani) is one of the major pest of the sorghum crop in India. Economic importance • Sorghum shoot fly is considered to be one of the most important and destructive pests. Observations on the sorghum shoot fly. Breeding for resistance or tolerance to the pest is the ideal and ultimate solution to the problem. East African Agriculture Journal, 20:45-48. I. ntroduction orghum bicolor (L.) Moench is one of the most important crops in the world because of its adaptation to a wide range of ecological conditions, suitability for low input cultivation and diverse uses [6]. The sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is one of the most important pests of grain sorghum in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean Europe. Sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata) Minor Pest Description: It is the most important pest of sorghum at the seedling stage. I. kafir race [8]. sorghum, shoot fly, SSR etc. It causes significant losses at seedling stage of the crop. Sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is one of the most important pests of dual-purpose sorghums during the postrainy season in India. The main host is the Sorghum. Adults resemble small houseflies. • This symptom of infestation appear within 2 … Paper Presented at the All India Co-ordinated Sorghum Improvement Workshop, 17 … Therefore, it is important to identify stable sources of resistance to develop cultivars with shoot fly resistance and adaptation to postrainy season. • Plants are attacked at the seedling stage. The shoot fly infestation varies from 69 to 97 per cent in spring crop (Chaudhary and Sharma, 1975), but overall grain loss is reported to be 20 per cent (Pathak et al ., 1971). Swaine G; Wyatt CA, 1954. Reusable Learning Object (RLO) of Sorghum from ICRISAT Scientists. In order to control these insects, carbofuran/malathion at the rate of 125 ml/ha should be sprayed. It is grown on about 7.93 M ha in India, For Sorghum midge, Endosulphan at the rate of 0.075 is sprayed and used. Alternative hosts include Maize, Finger millet, Bullrush millet, Rice, Wheat, among other grass species. The larvae or maggots are yellowish or whitish in colour, up to 8 mm long. The adult is similar to the housefly, smaller in size (3-5 mm long), and greyish in colour, and abdomen yellow with brown patches. There it bores into the axis of the seedling and feeds on the central shoot. 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